Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Neolithic Revolution Centres of originas numbered by Nikolai Vavilov in the s. Agricultural scientist MS Swaminathan has played a vital role in the green revolution.
Other historical evidence suggests rice and cotton were cultivated in the Indus Valleyand plowing patterns from the Bronze Age have been excavated at Kalibangan in Rajasthan. April Main article: Sheep were domesticated in Mesopotamia between 13, and 11, years ago. On their return journey, the Macedonian soldiers carried the "honey bearing reeds," thus spreading sugar and sugarcane agriculture.
In NDTV awarded him as 25 living legend of India for outstanding contribution to agriculture About agriculture in hindi language making India a food sovereign country.
This is increasingly the focus of Indian agriculture policy.
This evolution of taste and demand for sugar as an essential food ingredient unleashed major economic and social changes. A few merchants began to trade in sugar — a luxury and an expensive spice in Europe until the 18th century. Studies of the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies indicate an initial period of intensification and increasing sedentism ; examples are the Natufian culture in the Levantand the Early Chinese Neolithic in China.
This type of farming is practiced mainly in highly developed countries. Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 5, years ago,  and was independently domesticated in Eurasia.
When gains from the new technology reached their limits in the states of initial adoption, the technology spread in the s and s to the states of eastern India — BiharOdisha and West Bengal.
The Mayas used extensive canal and raised field systems to farm swampland from BC. It began with the decision to adopt superior yielding, disease resistant wheat varieties in combination with better farming knowledge to improve productivity.
Staple food crops were grains such as wheat and barley, alongside industrial crops such as flax and papyrus. Indian farmers, thus produced about 71 kilograms of wheat and 80 kilograms of rice for every member of Indian population in Pastoralism involves managing domesticated animals.
Rice was domesticated in China between 11, and 6, BC with earliest known cultivation from 5, BC,  followed by mungsoy and azuki beans. The natives controlled fire on a regional scale to create a low-intensity fire ecology which sustained a low-density agriculture in loose rotation; a sort of "wild" permaculture.
The land is then used for growing crops for several years. Indians might have domesticated buffalo the river type years ago[ citation needed ]. However, since irrigation infrastructure was very poor, Indian farmers innovated with tube-wells, to harvest ground water.
According to some scientists agriculture was widespread in the Indian peninsula, — years ago, well beyond the fertile plains of the north. In the years since its independence, India has made immense progress towards food security.
As with rice, the lasting benefits of improved seeds and improved farming technologies now largely depends on whether India develops infrastructure such as irrigation network, flood control systems, reliable electricity production capacity, all-season rural and urban highways, cold storage to prevent spoilage, modern retail, and competitive buyers of produce from Indian farmers.
However, two years of severe drought in and convinced India to reform its agricultural policy and that they could not rely on foreign aid and imports for food security.
ByIndian farms were adopting wheat varieties capable of yielding 6 tonnes of wheat per hectare. Farmers began adopting improved methods and technologies in dairying, fisheries and livestock, and meeting the diversified food needs of a growing population.National Portal of India is a Mission Mode Project under the National E-Governance Plan, designed and developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC), Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India.
It has been developed with an objective to enable a single window access to information and services being provided by the. The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization Era and even before that in some parts of Southern India.
In the local language, these crystals were called khanda (खण्ड), which is the source of the word candy. Before the 18th century, cultivation of sugarcane was largely confined to India. A few merchants.
Agriculture meaning in Hindi: Get meaning and translation of Agriculture in Hindi language with grammar,antonyms,synonyms and sentence usages. Know answer of question: what is meaning of Agriculture in Hindi dictionary? Agriculture ka matalab hindi me kya hai (Agriculture का हिंदी में मतलब).
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