He was probably aware of the Rule written by Pachomius or attributed to him ; and his Rule also shows influence by the Rule of St Augustine of Hippo and the writings of Saint John Cassian. These different emphases emerged within the framework of the Rule in the course of history and are to some extent present within the Benedictine Confederation and the Cistercian Orders of the Common and the Strict Observance.
Benedict legislated for a community of laymen governed benevolently by an abbot—a community whose purpose was the glorification of God and the salvation of the individual monk. Hill is professor of history at Georgetown University in Washington, D.
This appeal to multiple groups would later make the Rule of Saint Benedict an integral set of guidelines for the development of the Christian faith. But with Benedict, work became prayer, not to be distinguished from other kinds of mental prayer. But there are some surprises.
The abbey was noted for its strict adherence to the Rule of St. The reader eats with the servers after the rest have finished, but he is allowed a little food beforehand in order to lessen the fatigue of reading.
He was probably aware of the Rule written by Pachomius or attributed to him ; and his Rule also shows influence by the Rule of St Augustine of Hippo and the writings of Saint John Cassian. So, considering the importance of silence, permission to speak should be seldom given to perfect disciples, even for good and holy conversation, for it is written: The numbered paragraphs below refer to sections in the Rule.
The Rule implies that the newcomer to the monastery has had no previous ascetic experience nor even a particularly strong bent to the religious life. Monks should not worry about the color or the texture of these clothes: Benedict reminds the monks: This actually makes it earlier, as a document, than some of the ones in the Early Church volume; but it belongs in the Middle Ages because it was lived out day by day by countless monks and nuns across the whole of Europe throughout every century of that period.
Your body is praying not only in kneeling before the altar but in sweating in the fields to produce daily bread. Chapter 66 appoints a porterand recommends that each monastery be self-contained and avoid intercourse with the outer world.
The enduring legacy of the Rule of St. Examples include the Camaldolesethe Cisterciansthe Trappists a reform of the Cisterciansand the Sylvestrines. Much depended in this scheme on the wisdom and holiness of the abbot.
Such action deserves punishment rather than reward. Work was made holy by St. In time, setting an example with his zeal, he began to attract disciples.
If, however, something is wanted, it should be asked for by some sign or sound rather than by speaking. More than years ago he composed his now famous Rule for monastic life.
Augustine and his companions in It also incorporated a degree of democracy in a non-democratic society, and dignified manual labor. They must look for all necessities from the Abbot, and have nothing without his permission. There were monks here and there before Benedict, but it was he who crystallized the best of the fledgling monastic tradition, prescribing a standard of spiritual wisdom that has endured ever since.
When Monte Cassino was sacked by the Lombards about the yearthe monks fled to Rome, and it seems probable that this constituted an important factor in the diffusion of a knowledge of Benedictine monasticism.
The Benedictine Rule is strict—its main theme being absolute obedience to the Abbot. In the monastery the monk learned to serve the Lord, slowly crushing his faults and sins and adoring the Almighty in worship.
Most people used to the freedoms and luxuries of life in the modern West would find it too demanding but in its historical context, it would not have been seen that way.
The words "gossipy and contumaceous" replace the original "lavish or vicious"; and the words following "he must depart" were originally "lest, by sympathy with him, others also become contaminated.
Their discipline was to lie in humility, obedience, a commitment to stability, and an accommodation to the requirements of community life. At a time when manual labor was derided, they affirmed the spiritual value of work. The ancient world considered manual labor demeaning and idealized the life of leisure.
Gilles, NimesFrance, Chapter 2 describes the necessary qualifications of an abbot, forbids the abbot to make distinctions between persons in the monastery except for particular merit, and warns him he will be answerable for the salvation of the souls in his care.
Compared to other precepts, the Rule provides a moderate path between individual zeal and formulaic institutionalism; because of this middle ground it has been widely popular.
Contrary to the popular modern view, however, most medieval monks were not involved in copying manuscripts.Benedict of Nursia, place as “all these things required time and were not done in the middle of the road.” 21 Even in this early time period, prayer and study with an older monk—similar to today’s novice master—instruction on the duties and dangers of All quotations and references to Rule of St.
Benedict taken from Fry. Benedict Writes His Monastic Rule. the institution of which we hope to order nothing that is harsh or rigorous,” wrote Benedict in the prologue to his Rule. The Rule of St.
Benedict is a short document, perhaps thirteen thousand words, yet it has influenced all forms of organized religious life, Protestant and Catholic, in the West. For medieval monks who lived their lives according to the Rule of St.
Benedict, this authoritative text had a special status. First of all, it was not a mere theoretical work, but it had practical implications as well, just like Scripture. Saint Benedict. Monk () “We are about to open a school for God’s service, in which we hope nothing harsh or oppressive will be directed.” Few saints have left such a palpable impact on the world as St.
Benedict, the monk whose Rule set a standard for the Western monastic tradition. And yet the sources for his biography are limited. Rule of St. Benedict Influence on Medieval Monasteries essaysAround C.E., after living in solitude for a number of years, St.
Benedict wrote his rule that would change the monastic world forever. It established a stable and obedient lifestyle for all monks living in the medieval era. Benedict created the rule at a time when the Roman Empire had collapsed in the West, and Europe was being overrun by barbarian tribes, most of them pagans.
It looked like Christianity in Europe was finished.Download